Orthognathic Surgery: Correcting Jaw Misalignment and Achieving Facial Harmony

As an individual with a rich appreciation for aesthetics and health, you may have heard of orthognathic surgery, but how much do you really know about it? As an essential medical procedure with a significant impact on quality of life, it’s high time we shed more light on it. Today, we’re delving into the world of orthognathic surgery, highlighting its role in correcting jaw misalignment, enhancing facial aesthetics, and providing the ultimate solution for several functional issues.

What Is Orthognathic Surgery?

Orthognathic surgery, often performed by a maxillofacial surgeon, is a specialized form of jaw surgery aimed at correcting a wide range of minor and major dental and skeletal irregularities. It primarily focuses on alignment of the jaws and teeth, enhancing both the functional aspects such as eating, speaking, and breathing and the aesthetic appearance of the patient.

Orthognathic Surgery: Correcting Jaw Misalignment and Achieving Facial Harmony

Who Needs Orthognathic Surgery?

The need for orthognathic surgery isn’t limited to any particular demographic. From adolescents with facial growth issues to adults experiencing jaw-related problems due to accidents or genetics, the surgery is an effective solution. However, the question, “Is 25 too late for jaw surgery?” often crops up. The simple answer is no. There is no strict age limit for jaw surgery, although it’s ideally performed once the jaw’s growth has ceased, typically around the age of 16 for girls and 18 for boys.

What Are The Different Types of Orthognathic Surgery?

Orthognathic surgery is a broad term encompassing a variety of procedures tailored to specific patient needs. The most common orthognathic surgery is the correction of the lower jaw (mandibular osteotomy), followed by upper jaw surgery (maxillary osteotomy), and chin surgery (genioplasty), often carried out by a highly trained maxillofacial surgeon.

Effects of Orthognathic Surgery:

The effects of orthognathic surgery are far-reaching and transformative. The surgery improves patients’ life quality by resolving issues such as sleep apnea, malocclusion, temporomandibular joint disorders, and facial imbalance. Moreover, it enhances facial harmony and boosts self-esteem, allowing patients to lead a healthier, happier life.

Orthognathic Surgery:

Is Jaw Surgery Risky and Painful?

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with orthognathic surgery. These include infection, bleeding, and nerve injury. However, under the care of a skilled maxillofacial surgeon and a comprehensive post-operative care plan, these risks are significantly minimized.

Patients often wonder, “Is jaw surgery painful?” While discomfort is a common postoperative effect, pain is typically managed effectively with medication and gradually subsides as the healing process advances.

How Much Does Jaw Surgery Cost in India?

The cost of orthognathic surgery in India can vary depending on the complexity of the case and the specific procedure required. It’s advisable to discuss this with your maxillofacial surgeon during consultation to gain a clear understanding of the costs involved.

Understanding Orthognathic Surgery:

In our continuing commitment to enhancing knowledge and creating value in the dental fraternity, Unicorn Denmart Limited brings to you this insightful blog on Orthognathic Surgery. From explaining what it means to exploring the common conditions it addresses, we’ll also shed light on the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for successful outcomes.

What Is Orthognathic Surgery?

Orthognathic surgery is a special branch of surgery that corrects abnormalities in the jaw and facial structure related to growth, structure, and a range of orthodontic issues that cannot be rectified with braces alone. Its primary goal is to correct functional problems, such as difficulties in chewing, speaking, or breathing. However, it also plays a significant role in enhancing the patient’s appearance by addressing facial imbalance issues.

Addressing Common Concerns with Orthognathic Surgery:

The spectrum of orthognathic surgery is wide and includes solutions for several dental and skeletal irregularities. Some of the common conditions that can be addressed through orthognathic surgery are:

  • Malocclusion or improper alignment of teeth when the jaws are closed
  • Prognathism, where there’s overdevelopment of either jaw
  • Facial asymmetry caused by uneven growth of the jaws
  • Obstructive sleep apnea, where the individual experiences difficulty in breathing during sleep
  • Difficulty in performing normal functions like chewing, swallowing, or even biting
  • Chronic jaw or temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain

Emphasizing the Multidisciplinary Approach:

Orthognathic surgery requires a multidisciplinary approach involving a team of experts including orthodontists and oral maxillofacial surgeons. The orthodontist typically prepares for the surgery by aligning and levelling the teeth, and the oral maxillofacial surgeon then performs the surgery. This teamwork ensures that the patient gets the best possible functional and aesthetic results.

At Unicorn Denmart Limited, we believe in and support this multidisciplinary approach. Our collaborations with dental professionals across the spectrum allow us to offer comprehensive care to our patients.

Different Types of Orthognathic Surgery:

In the ever-evolving world of dental care, orthognathic surgery stands as a beacon of innovation, providing groundbreaking solutions for complex jaw disorders. To help dental professionals better understand this important field, Unicorn Denmart Limited presents a detailed overview of the common types of orthognathic surgeries. Let’s dive into the world of maxillary and mandibular procedures to understand how they are revolutionizing oral healthcare.

The Most Common Types of Orthognathic Surgeries:

Orthognathic surgeries primarily fall into two categories: Maxillary procedures, which address issues in the upper jaw, and Mandibular procedures, which focus on the lower jaw. These surgeries correct a variety of issues such as improper bite, misalignment, facial asymmetry, and growth abnormalities, contributing to both improved function and enhanced aesthetics for patients.

Maxillary Procedures – Le Fort Osteotomies:

Le Fort osteotomies, named after the French surgeon René Le Fort who categorized facial fractures, are a set of surgical procedures designed to correct a range of maxillary deformities. These include:

Le Fort I Osteotomy: This is the most commonly performed procedure, which allows movement of the upper jaw (maxilla) in any direction to correct issues such as open bite, crossbite, and excessive or deficient vertical height.

Le Fort II Osteotomy: This surgery, less commonly performed, is aimed at correcting issues related to the nose and the central midface.

Le Fort III Osteotomy: This procedure is used in cases of severe facial deformity, where the entire midface needs to be moved forward. It’s often used to treat conditions such as Crouzon’s or Apert’s syndrome.

Mandibular Procedures – Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy (SSRO) and Genioplasty:

Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy (SSRO): SSRO is one of the most popular orthognathic surgeries for the lower jaw. It corrects mandibular prognathism or retrognathism, where the lower jaw is overly large or small. The SSRO allows the surgeon to move the lower jaw backward or forward, respectively.

Genioplasty: This surgery alters the position of the chin. It can be used to correct a receding chin (retrogenia), a protruding chin (progenia), or a laterally deviated chin. It can be performed as a standalone procedure or in combination with other orthognathic surgeries for a more harmonious facial balance.

Genoray Papaya 3D CBCT plays a crucial role in Orthognathic Surgery by providing high-resolution 3D imaging of the maxillofacial region. Its advanced capabilities enable precise preoperative planning, accurate assessment of skeletal relationships, and visualization of anatomical structures, leading to improved surgical outcomes and reduced patient risk.


Robot-Assisted Implant Surgery

Candidates for Orthognathic Surgery:

Orthognathic surgery has revolutionized dental care, offering comprehensive solutions for complex dental and facial irregularities. It is a potent combination of medical necessity and aesthetic improvement. At Unicorn Denmart Limited, we are dedicated to equipping dental professionals with vital knowledge about this transformative field. In this article, we delve into the factors determining the need for orthognathic surgery, common indications, and the importance of a comprehensive evaluation by a qualified oral maxillofacial surgeon.

Determining the Need for Orthognathic Surgery:

Orthognathic surgery isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution. The decision to opt for this surgical intervention depends on various factors, including:

Severity of the Jaw Misalignment: Not all misalignments require surgical intervention. If the misalignment causes significant problems in chewing, speaking, or breathing, surgery may be a viable solution.

Health Condition: A good overall health condition is essential for anyone undergoing surgery. Existing health problems may influence the decision, as well as the surgical approach.

Common Indications for Orthognathic Surgery:

Typically, orthognathic surgery is considered when less invasive treatments can’t correct certain conditions:

Jaw Misalignment: This is one of the most common indications for orthognathic surgery, often leading to problems like improper bite or difficulty in swallowing or speaking.

Facial Asymmetry: This may occur as a result of unequal jaw growth. The asymmetry can be subtle or quite noticeable and may lead to self-esteem issues in addition to functional problems.

Malocclusion: When orthodontic treatment alone cannot correct severe cases of malocclusion (poor alignment of teeth), orthognathic surgery may be recommended.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Orthognathic surgery can increase the size of the airway, thus reducing symptoms in patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea who can’t tolerate other treatments.

The Role of a Comprehensive Evaluation:

The need for orthognathic surgery is determined after a comprehensive evaluation by a qualified oral maxillofacial surgeon in conjunction with an orthodontist. This assessment typically involves a complete history, physical examination, X-rays, photographs, and dental models. It allows the surgeon to identify the cause of the problem and develop a personalized treatment plan for the patient.

Orthognathic Surgery in India:

Orthognathic surgery, while not a common term, has become an integral part of advanced dental care solutions worldwide, and India is no exception. At Unicorn Denmart Limited, our mission is to bring clarity and resources to dental professionals in India. In this blog, we’ll delve into the age considerations for orthognathic surgery, its availability in India, the cost factors involved, and potential insurance coverage.

Age Limit Considerations for Orthognathic Surgery in India:

Orthognathic surgery is typically recommended after facial growth stops. Generally, this is around 14-16 years for females and 17-21 years for males. However, in India, as in the rest of the world, there’s no strict upper age limit for the surgery. Instead, the patient’s overall health, the severity of the issue, and the anticipated benefits are the key deciding factors. So, while age is a consideration, it’s not the only determining factor for eligibility.

Availability of Orthognathic Surgery and Specialized Surgeons in India:

India is home to a vast number of highly skilled oral and maxillofacial surgeons who perform orthognathic surgery. Many Indian cities boast state-of-the-art hospitals and clinics equipped with cutting-edge technology. These facilities ensure the best care for patients needing complex dental and facial corrective surgeries.

Cost Factors and Potential Insurance Coverage for Jaw Surgery in India:

The cost of orthognathic surgery in India varies depending on several factors like the complexity of the case, the experience of the surgeon, and the location of the clinic or hospital. Generally, it is a cost-effective destination for such procedures when compared globally.

When it comes to insurance coverage, many health insurance providers cover the cost of orthognathic surgery if it is deemed medically necessary. However, coverage may not extend to procedures that are classified as cosmetic. It’s always advisable to check with your specific insurance provider to understand the coverage details.

Risks and Benefits of Orthognathic Surgery:

In the world of dentistry, orthognathic surgery often stands as a beacon of hope for many patients with complex jaw and facial irregularities. Here at Unicorn Denmart Limited, we strive to keep dental professionals informed about various aspects of this transformative field. In this blog post, we’re taking a balanced look at orthognathic surgery, discussing the potential risks, the importance of preoperative planning, and the numerous benefits it offers.

The Risks Associated with Orthognathic Surgery:

Like any surgical procedure, orthognathic surgery carries its share of risks and potential complications. These can include infection, bleeding, and nerve damage that could result in altered sensation in the lower lip, tongue, or cheeks. However, it’s important to note that such complications are relatively rare and most of them are temporary.

Preoperative Planning and Communication: Key to Successful Outcomes:

The importance of thorough preoperative planning and clear communication with the surgical team cannot be overstated. Surgeons need to carefully analyse the patient’s condition, medical history, and desired outcomes. Additionally, using modern imaging techniques and digital treatment planning can significantly increase surgical accuracy and predictability, thereby reducing the risk of complications. The patient should be well-informed about the procedure, recovery process, and possible risks. Open communication builds trust, allays fears, and helps ensure a more positive experience for the patient.

Benefits of Orthognathic Surgery:

Despite the associated risks, the benefits of orthognathic surgery can be truly life-changing:

Improved Functionality: Orthognathic surgery can dramatically improve chewing, speaking, and breathing function. This can significantly enhance the patient’s quality of life and ease daily activities that many of us take for granted.

Enhanced Aesthetics: By aligning the jaws and teeth correctly, orthognathic surgery can greatly improve facial balance and symmetry, boosting the patient’s self-confidence.

Health Benefits: Correcting jaw abnormalities can have far-reaching effects on overall health, such as reducing the risk of developing temporomandibular joint disorders and sleep apnea.

Long-Lasting Results: The results of orthognathic surgery are generally permanent, providing lifelong benefits to the patient.

Recovery and Postoperative Care:

Orthognathic surgery, while transformative, is only the first step on the journey towards better dental health and facial harmony. Postoperative care and recovery are equally critical components of this journey. At Unicorn Denmart Limited, our commitment is to ensure dental professionals are equipped with a holistic understanding of the process. This article sheds light on the recovery process after orthognathic surgery, important postoperative guidelines, and the significance of follow-up appointments.

The Recovery Process After Orthognathic Surgery:

Recovery from orthognathic surgery is an individualized process. It can vary greatly based on the specifics of the surgery and the patient’s general health. Generally, patients can expect to spend 1-2 days in the hospital post-surgery for monitoring.

The initial recovery phase typically lasts 2-3 weeks, during which rest and limited activity are recommended. The complete healing process can take several months, with improvements in speech and chewing functionality gradually taking place over this time.

Postoperative Guidelines for a Successful Healing Process:

Proper postoperative care is paramount to a successful healing process. Here are some general instructions:

Pain Management: Postoperative pain can be managed effectively with prescribed medications. Patients should take these as directed by their surgeon.

Diet: Initially, a liquid diet may be advised, gradually progressing to soft foods as healing progresses.

Oral Hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene is critical. Gentle rinsing with a prescribed mouthwash or saltwater can help keep the mouth clean.

Activity: While some activity helps improve circulation and hasten recovery, it’s essential to avoid strenuous physical activity during the initial recovery phase.

Importance of Follow-Up Appointments:

Follow-up appointments are a critical aspect of postoperative care. These visits allow the surgeon to assess healing progress, address any concerns, and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. Regular follow-ups and adherence to postoperative care instructions significantly impact the surgery’s success in the long run.


In the intricate world of dentistry, the transformative impact of orthognathic surgery stands out significantly. At Unicorn Denmart Limited, our aim is to enlighten dental professionals with comprehensive knowledge, fostering a better understanding of the intricacies involved in this realm. As we reach the end of our series on orthognathic surgery, let’s recap the vital points we’ve discussed and emphasize the life-changing potential this procedure holds for individuals with jaw misalignment and facial disharmony.

Recap of Key Points:

From understanding the basics of orthognathic surgery, its various types, the potential candidates, and the cost considerations in India, we’ve covered a broad spectrum of topics. We discussed the risks and benefits, the importance of preoperative planning, and the intricacies of recovery and postoperative care. This comprehensive approach ensures that you, as a dental professional, are well-equipped to guide your patients through their journey with orthognathic surgery.

Transformative Effects of Orthognathic Surgery:

Orthognathic surgery indeed holds transformative potential. It’s not just about correcting jaw misalignment, but also about achieving facial harmony, enhancing self-confidence, and most importantly, improving quality of life. The effects are not merely cosmetic; they also significantly impact an individual’s functionality and health, offering benefits that can truly be described as life-altering.

The Next Step:

For those considering orthognathic surgery, the next critical step is to consult a qualified oral maxillofacial surgeon. A comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan are key to achieving optimal results.

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